How was the French Indo-China formed?

(i) The most visible form of French control was military and economic domination and the French also tried to reshape the culture of Vietnamese. (ii) French troops landed in Vietnam in 1858 and by the 1880s, they had established a firm grip over the northern region. (iii) After the...
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Who was Trieu Au?

(i) She lived in 3 CE. Orphaned in childhood, she lived with her brother. (ii) On growing up she left home, went into the jungles, organised a large army and resisted Chinese rule. (iii) Finally, when her army was crushed, she drowned herself. She became a sacred figure, and...
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What was the role of women in the anti-imperialist movement in Vietnam?

(i) Women in Vietnam traditionally enjoyed greater equality than in China. (ii) As the nationalist movement grew, the status of women emerged with a new image of womanhood. (iii) Writers and political thinkers began idealising women who rebelled against social norms. (iv) In the 1930’s, a famous novel by...
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What were the challenges faced by the new Republic of Vietnam?

(i) The French tried to regain control by using the emperor, Bao Dai as their puppet. (ii) Due to French attack, Viet Minh’s army was forced to retreat to the hills. (iii) After eight years of fighting, the French were defeated in 1954, at Dien Bieu Phu. (iv) The...
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25 Questions and Answers on the Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

25 Multiple Choice Questions and Answers on the Nationalist Movement in Indo-China: 1. When did Vietnam get independence? (a) 1887 (b) 1945 (c) 1873 (d) 1858 2. Which imperialist power dominated Vietnam? (a) French (b) German (c) Russian (d) None of these 3. Which out of the following modern...
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Short Essay on the Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

Nationalism in Indo-China was shaped by the experience of colonialism similar to that of India. Indo- China, comprising modern countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, is historically linked to China. Vietnam came under the colonial domination of the French. Resistance against colonialism emerged from schools, city streets, villages and...
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Incentive Plans (Bonus or Premium Schemes)

Generally speaking, there are two basic methods of wage payment. One method relates to the hours, the employee is at work, regardless of output. This is known as time rate or day rate system. The other method is related to the production or output, regardless of the time taken...
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