The attitude of the Indian National Congress towards the constitutional changes

The British Government played the game of ‘Divide and Rule’. While suppressing the militant nationalists, it tried to win over moderate nationalist opinion so that the militant nationalists could be isolated and suppressed. To placate the moderate nationalists, it announced constitutional concessions through the Indian Councils Act of 1909...
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In the summer of 1942 Gandhi was in a strange and uniquely militant mood

Britain and France joined together to placate Hitler. The Government of India immediately joined the war without consulting the National Congress or the elected members of the central legislature. While Congress was in full sympathy with the victims of fascist aggression, and was willing to help the forces of...
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Get complete information on the people’s movement in Indian States after 1937

The major development after 1937 was the spread of national movement to the princely states. Appalling economic, political and social conditions prevailed in most of them. Peasants were oppressed, land revenue and taxation were excessive and unbearable, education war retarded, health and other social services were extremely backward, and...
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‘Gandhi’ mystique consisted of a union of original ideas

The Rowlatt Act of 1919 came like a sudden blow. To the people of India, promised extension of democracy during the war, the Government step appeared to be a cruel joke. It was like a hungry man expecting bread, being offered stones. Instead of democratic progress had come further...
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Get complete information on Khilafat and the Non-Cooperation Movements

During 1920-21 the Indian National Movement entered a new phase in a phase of mass politics and mass mobilization. The British rule was opposed through two mass movements, Khilafat and Non-cooperation Movement. Though emerging out of separate issues both these movements adopted a common programme of action. The technique...
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