‘Gandhi’ mystique consisted of a union of original ideas

The Rowlatt Act of 1919 came like a sudden blow. To the people of India, promised extension of democracy during the war, the Government step appeared to be a cruel joke. It was like a hungry man expecting bread, being offered stones. Instead of democratic progress had come further...
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Get complete information on Khilafat and the Non-Cooperation Movements

During 1920-21 the Indian National Movement entered a new phase in a phase of mass politics and mass mobilization. The British rule was opposed through two mass movements, Khilafat and Non-cooperation Movement. Though emerging out of separate issues both these movements adopted a common programme of action. The technique...
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Get complete information on ‘Curzon’s Partition of Bengal

On 20 July 1905, Lord Curzon issued an order dividing the province of Bengal into two parts: Eastern Bengal and Assam with a population of 31 million and the rest of Bengal with a population of 54 million, of whom 18 million were Bengalis and 36 million Biharis and...
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India broke her British fetters with Western hammers

The rise of national consciousness in the 19th century was essentially the result of the British rule. The economic, political and social changes brought about by the British rule resulted in the oppression of all classes of Indian people giving rise to a wide spread dissatisfaction among the masses....
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Get complete information on emergence of the Congress in 1885

By the 1870s it was evident that Indian nationalism had gathered enough strength and momentum to appear as a major force on the Indian political scene. The Indian National Congress, founded in December 1885, was the first organised expression of the Indian National Movement on an all-India scale. It...
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Economic and social factors which led to the rise of Indian nationalism

The second half of the 19th century witnessed the full flowering of national political consciousness and the growth of an organised national movement in India. Its foundation lay in the fact that increasingly British rule became the major cause of India’s economic backwardness. Every class, every section of Indian...
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Factors that led to a split in the Indian National Congress in 1907

The closing decade of the 19th century and early years of 20th century witnessed the emergence of a new and younger group within the Indian National Congress which was sharply critical of the ideology and methods of the old leadership. These angry young men advocated the adoption of Swaraj...
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Get complete information on The 1921 Moplah rebellion

The Map pill a (Muslim) tenants of Malabar rebelled in August 1921 against high rents, oppressive landlords, lack of any security of tonsure and renewal fees, the impetus of which first came from the Malabar district Congress Conference held at Manjeri in April 1920. This conference was followed by...
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