Short Essay on Stress

Stress is a kind of physical, mental or emotional demand which disturbs the homeostasis of the body. Stress is the state of increased arousal necessary for an organism to defend itself at a time of danger. Alterations of hormones in the body include not only adrenaline, but also substances...
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What are the Different Types of Personality Theories?

The individual’s common and unique experiences interact with inherited potential to shape personality. How this occurs, and how the resulting personality can best be described, has been the subject of many theories. Most personality theories can be grouped into one of four classes: trait, psychoanalytic, social learning, and humanistic,...
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Essay for Psychology Students on Personality

When psychologists talk about personality, they are concerned primarily with individuals differences-the characteristics that distinguish one individual from another. Psychologists do not agree on an exact definition of personality. But for our purpose we will define personality as the characteristic patterns of behaviour and modes of thinking that determine...
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Essay on Aggression and Sports Performance

Aggression is usually defined as behaviour intended to injure another person (either physically or verbally) or to destroy property. The key word is intent, if I accidentally step on your toes in a crowded elevator and immediately apologize, you are not likely to label my behaviour, aggressive. If I...
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What Dynamics of Motivation Work in Sports?

Dynamics of Motivation in Sports : Following dynamics of motivation work in sports: 1. Influence: To gain or sustain motivation, one must surround himself with positive people. One’s family and friends must encourage and help to achieve goals. Also one must find a role model-whether they are an accomplished...
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Essay on Homeostasis and Drive Theory

Basic to the drive concept is the principle of homeostasis, which refers to the body’s tendency to maintain a constant internal environment. The healthy individual for example, maintains body temperature within a few degrees. Slight deviations from normal temperature set into operation mechanism that restore the normal condition. Exposure...
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What is Drive Theory?

The problem with instincts as explanations of behaviour was that there soon became too many of them and they did not explain anything. Added to the list were such human instincts as rivalry, secretiveness; modesty, cleanliness, limitation, hurting, sociability, and jealousy, until finally an instinct could be found for...
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What is the Theory of Instincts?

The extreme of the mechanistic view is the theory of instincts. An instinct in an innate biological force that predisposes the organism to act in a certain way. The behaviour of animals had long been attributed to instincts, since they had no soul or intellect and could not operate...
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What are the Law of Operant Conditioning?

Partial Reinforcement: Operant conditioning shows a high degree of orderliness or lawfulness. One illustration of orderliness is behaviour controlled by partial reinforcement-that is, behaviour taking place when the response is reinforced only a fraction of the time it occurs. In the typical experiment, a pigeon learns to peck at...
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What is Operant Conditioning?

Operant conditioning is another approach to the study of associative learning. When tack a dog a trick, it is hard to specify the unconditioned stimuli that could produce such behaviour before conditioning. Actually, you “got him to do it” as best you could and afterward rewarded him with either...
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